The answer to this question will probably be yes. Google is always improving its algorithm to improve the search experience and avoid black hat practices .
However, some updates are more drastic. In Clipping Path Service those cases, the entire SEO community moves, many blogs publish about the changes and even Google itself makes an official announcement.
How to identify it?
First, find out about a possible major update close to the date of your ranking drop.
If there is no news, analyze the performance of the pages in Bing and Yahoo. If the sudden drop in positioning did not occur in them, it is with Google itself that you have to settle your accounts.
Google will never penalize a site that follows the quality guidelines. So if you were punished, you probably did something he didn't like, like plagiarizing content or manipulating backlinks.
In those cases, unfortunately, there is no automatic action to recover your position. You need to see what you've done wrong, fix it, and wait for Google to review your site.
And to prevent in the future, always follow the main principle of Google: the user experience must always come first.